Females participating in sports face different challenges than males participating in sports. This phenomenon may occur due to a variety of reasons, some of which are discussed in this article. This study was conducted through Washington University Orthopedics with assistance from PEAK Sport and Spine physical therapist Ted Yemm.
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between disordered eating attitudes, menstrual dysfunction, and stress fractures in elite female soccer athletes. While the majority of these athletes had a healthy attitude toward eating and food, they still had a slightly delayed onset of menarche compared to the United States national average; about 1 in 5 still experienced menstrual dysfunction and 8.6% reported a history of stress fracture.
They concluded that education about training schedules and improving nutritional content plays a major role in reducing this risk. Menstrual dysfunction can have a detrimental effect on the health of a female athlete and proper nutrition and energy intake needs to be taught and implemented in their daily lives to promote adequate bone health not only while they are competing, but also later on in life. The link to the article’s abstract is included below and the full version is available with a subscription.